Rajgir Travel Guide
Rajgir is an offbeat destination in Bihar that is mentioned in the Hindu epic – Mahabharata. The place is the birthplace of the ancient caves, temples, stupas, and monasteries which have stood through the test of time. Witnessed as a spiritual center for Hindus, Jains, and Buddhist pilgrims, it is an ultimate remedy for you to get away from the chaos of the city life and meditate while spending time in self-introspection. The serene aura of the city will engulf you and you’re left rejuvenated. Not only this, you can also enjoy varied other tourist activities like – ropeway ride, dip in hot springs, etc. Some of the most popular tourist attractions include – Japanese Stupa, Venuvana Bamboo grove, Viswa Shanti Stupa, Makhdum Kund, Lakshmi Narayana Mandir etc. A trip to this splendid tourists’ spot can be planned during the cultural festival of Rajgir Mahotsav celebrated with great zeal and fervor merely 15km from Nalanda. On concluding, both of these historical hubs are a ‘worthy of being visited’ which are serving the sole intention of making your trip - a memorable one.
Peaceful Shikara, Dal lake, Nishat park., Shalimar, Shalimar Mughal Garden
10°C to 30°C
(April to June)
(July to Sep)
10°C to 15°C
(Oct to Feb)
A City with Two Thousand Six Hundred Years of History
Rajgir also known as Rajagriha, is a mid-sized city in Bihar in India. The name Rajgir, meaning the abode of Kings, is rightly named so, owing to its long standing history of 2600 years which involved eras of kingships, religious evolvements, education & culture. Set amidst green valley and surrounded by rocky hills, Rajgir in present day is a spiritual town filled with Hindu, Jain & Buddhist pilgrims. Along with spiritual abodes it is the exotic natural serenity attributed by dense forests, mysterious caves and springs, which make Rajgir a popular tourist destination. Rajgir has a number of religious shrine majorly Buddhism or Jainism ones. It is the place where Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavir had spent time here converting this place to a huge spiritually and religiously important destination. The city has two parts, one being the old fortified city in the valley surrounded by Chhatha, Ratna, Saila, Sona, Udaya, Vaibhara and Vipula hills and the other is the new city said to have been established by Ajatshatru, son of Bimbisara and a concomitant of Lord Buddha. The town is just 15 km from the ruins of Nalanda University and various other places of tourist interest here include temples, ruins of bygone eras and excavated sites. The calmness in the aura here, is refreshing and worth experiencing.
Once can find this city’s name mentioned first in Hindu epic Mahabharata, as the capital of Magadh, ruled by King Jarasandha.
Though there is not much recorded data concerning the exact origin time/ year of this city but scholars estimate it to be no less than 2600 years. Rajgir is mentioned in old Buddhist & Jain scriptures and in the travelogues of China based Buddhist travelers Huen Tsang and Fa Hian. They visited India during the Mauryan reign and Gupta dynasty. Rajgir played host to Lord Buddha and Mahavira – for 14years and is closely connected to Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Thus has a number of archeological sites & excavations of the era.
This place is dotted with stupas, monasteries, temples, caves and many excated sites, which have been attracting pilgrims and tourist from far & near. The must see places in Rajgir include Japanese stupa Atop Gridhakuta, Gridhakuta Vulture's Peak, Viswa Shanti Stupa, Venuvana Bamboo grove, Tapodharma/Lakshmi Narayan Mandir that also has a rich in sulfur hot water springs with curative effects; Saptaparni Caves; Bimbisara's jail; Chariot Tracks - believed to have been made by Lord Krishna's Chariot; Maniar Matth Dating 1 century CE, the monastery of a cult which worshipped snakes; Makhdum Kund shrine of a Muslim Sufi Saint Makhdum Shah; Cyclopean walls that are 2500 years old; and the well managed Rajgir Heritage Museum
When satiated with wholesome sightseeing and soul quenching medication at monasteries, go out for some activities like a ride on the ropeway, or a long dip at the curative hot springs. If planning your trip here in winters, check for the Rajgir Mahotsava, a major cultural festival, details and if manageable tour this place during the festivities. This Mahotsava includes three days of classical Indian music, folk music, dance and other cultural programs that is no less than a vivid tabloid of Rajgir.