Act Fast, Save Big: Up to $200 Off for NRIs on our 14-Day Kailash Yatra - Enquire Now! Click Here

menu icon

Medieval India

The foreigners, mainly the Arabs and the Turks

Who were allured by the Indian wealth and territories, took advantage of the rivalry among the Indian rulers and carried on several Taj Mahal Agra invasions of India, looted the huge booties, and destroyed numerous works of art, including the temples. However, none of them settled in India, in 1192, a Turk invader Muhammad Ghori defeated a brave Indian Rajput ruler, Prithviraj Chauhan in the battle of Terrain and made his deputy Qutub Ud Din Aibek thein-charge of the Indian territory. The later became the ruler of Delhi after the death of his master and thus laid the foundation of the Delhi sultanate in India under the slave dynasty. Qutub Ud Din Aibek, who built the famous Qutub Minar in Delhi, a magnificent work of architecture, was succeeded by Iltutmish, the father of the first lady ruler of India. The Delhi sultanate, after the Slave dynasty, witnessed the rule of the Khiljis, Tughlaqs, Sayyids, and Lodis.

I Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, was disliked by the people of the state and his courtiers, some of whom invited Babar, a Mughal from Kabul, to replace Ibrahim Lodhi. The first battle of Panipat took place in 1526, in which Babar defeated the Lodi ruler and thus laid the foundation of the Mughal dynasty in India. But Babar's son Humayun had to face defeat by an Afghan chieftain, Sher Shah, who assumed the power in his hands for a short while, and Humayun had to flee India.

Sher Shah, who built the famous Grand Trunk road from Peshawar to Patna and reformed Mughal Empire in India revenue system in India, had to taste a bitter defeat in the Second battle of Panipat from Akbar, the son of Humayun in 1556. Akbar( 1556-1605 CE) restored the Mughal empire in India, strengthened and worked a lot for the welfare of the common people irrespective of caste, creed, and religion. His son, Jahangir (1605-1627 CE), and grandson Shah Jahan (1628-1648 CE), further carried on the reforms started by Akbar. The last of all the powerful Mughal rulers, Aurangzeb (reign - 1658-1707), who was a staunch Muslim, started suppressing people of different faiths with Hindus as his main target, and despite being an efficient administrator, he became unpopular among the Indian masses. He was succeeded by a chain of weak rulers who failed to hold back the glory of the Mughal empire in India.

The Art and Culture under the Mughals: The Mughals, who were great patrons of art and culture, promoted artists, scientists, poets, musicians, and architects, among many others. The Taj Mahal in Agra, the Red Fort in Delhi, Fatehpur Sikri in Agra, and Agra Fort are some of the marvelous edifices raised by the Mughal emperors. The compilation of Babar Nama(Babar) and Tuzuke Jahangiri(Jahangir) further proves their love for art, culture, and literature.

Medieval India Travel Blog

Gujarat's Kite Flying
Uttarayan- Gujarat's Kite Flying Festival
08 Oct 2022

Gujarat- a celebrator of approx. 200 festivals in a year is no less than a heart

Kailash Yatra
Subsidy for Kailash Yatra provided by Govt
08 Oct 2022

Every resident in India is accompanied by an ardent divinity for one deity or

Medieval India Travel Review

Ms. Marta
Germany

15 Jul 2017
  • 4.0

We went on a 10 days trip to India in June month and had an amazing trip. No comments on services it was outstanding, right from the day i started .......

David
USA

15 Jul 2017
  • 4.5

Recently i booked a trip with Max Holidays to India’s one of the most visited hill station. This was my second trip to with Max Holidays&rsqu.......

Cazacu
Dubai - Dubai

27 Feb 2017
  • 4.0

Chariminar the best of the monuments in Old Hyderabad India. It is 400 years old and its architecture is worth seeing. The Hyderabad biryani we had.......

Top 5 Reasons to Travel With Max
thumbs up icon
AUTHENTICITY

All our trips are authentic and carefully designed

shuffle icon
FLEXIBILITY

Our trips are flexible to alter according to your demand

rating icon
EXPERTISE

Our experts have first hand knowledge about destinations

value icon
BEST VALUE

We offer best value for your money invested in touring with us.

calm icon
PEACE OF MIND

With Max Holidays you complete travel in peace of mind

Let's plan your trip

Put us on work to plan your next travel. Send your details to our experts now to get a free travel plan with quote